Quoting Directly

Quoting Directly

What is quoting? A direct quotation (often referred to as “quotes”) is the exact language taken from source material. Direct quotations match the source material word-for-word and must be contained within quotation marks, usually introduced with a “says” verb or...
Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing

What is paraphrasing? When your professor asks you to paraphrase a text, they are asking you to use your own words to rewrite a passage from another text. Paraphrased material is usually the same length or shorter than the original source material, and it is important...

Sentence Structures

Sentences convey ideas and how they are related. They may have multiple ideas and relationships, so different structures help to separate a sentence’s information. Descriptions Examples Word order is a language’s mostly fixed sequence for ideas and relationships,...

Word Choice & Word Form

Word choice and word form indicate a writer’s familiarity and their intended reader’s familiarity in a context by following systematic rules and idiosyncratic rules. Descriptions Examples Fixed phrases are word combinations that appear together in high frequency in a...

Other Rhetorical Choices

Rhetorical choices give writing an effect that can help readers better understand the writer’s context or purpose. Descriptions Examples Formality tells the reader if the writing is situated in a casual context, professional context, or anything in between. Some...

Verbs

Verbs indicate the actions and relationships among ideas. They carry important information such as the time or the number of ideas in the sentence. Descriptions Examples Verb tense indicates a sentence’s time frame. Currently, the team works in a rented space...